# Logging in n8n

Logging is an important feature for debugging. n8n uses the winston (opens new window) logging library.

# Setup

To set up logging in n8n, you need to set the following environment variables (you can also set the values in the configuration file)

Setting in the configuration file Using environment variables Description
n8n.log.level N8N_LOG_LEVEL The log output level. The available options are (from lowest to highest level) are error, warn, info, verbose, and debug. The default value is info. You can learn more about these options here.
n8n.log.output N8N_LOG_OUTPUT Where to output logs. The available options are console and file. Multiple values can be used separated by a comma (,). console is used by default.
n8n.log.file.location N8N_LOG_FILE_LOCATION The log file location, used only if log output is set to file. By default, <n8nFolderPath>/logs/n8n.log is used.
n8n.log.file.maxsize N8N_LOG_FILE_MAXSIZE The maximum size (in MB) for each log file. By default, n8n uses 16 MB.
n8n.log.file.maxcount N8N_LOG_FILE_MAXCOUNT The maximum number of log files to keep. The default value is 100. This value should be set when using workers.
# Set the logging level to 'debug'
export N8N_LOG_LEVEL=debug

# Set log output to both console and a log file
export N8N_LOG_OUTPUT=console,file

# Set a save location for the log file
export N8N_LOG_FILE_LOCATION=/home/jim/n8n/logs/n8n.log

# Set a 50 MB maximum size for each log file

# Set 60 as the maximum number of log files to be kept

# Log Levels

n8n uses standard log levels to report:

  • error: the most strict level. Outputs only errors and nothing else
  • warning: outputs errors and warning messages
  • info: contains useful information about progress
  • verbose: make n8n output additional information about progress that allows you to further understand what is happening
  • debug: the most verbose output. n8n outputs a lot of information to help you debug issues.

# Development

During development, adding log messages is a good practice. It assists in debugging errors. To configure logging for development, follow the guide below.

# Implementation details

n8n uses the LoggerProxy class, located in the workflow package. Calling the LoggerProxy.init() by passing in an instance of Logger, initializes the class before the usage.

The initialization process happens only once. The start.ts (opens new window) file already does this process for you. If you are creating a new command from scratch, you need to initialize the LoggerProxy class.

Once the Logger implementation gets created in the cli package, it can be obtained by calling the getInstance convenience method from the exported module.

Check the start.ts (opens new window) file to learn more about how this process works.

# Adding logs

Once the LoggerProxy class gets initialized in the project, you can import it to any other file and add logs.

Convenience methods are provided for all logging levels, so new logs can be added whenever needed using the format Logger.<logLevel>('<message>', ...meta), where meta represents any additional properties desired beyond message.

In the example above, we use the standard log levels described above. The message argument is a string, and meta is a data object.

// You have to import the LoggerProxy. We rename it to Logger to make it easier

import {
	LoggerProxy as Logger
} from 'n8n-workflow';

// Info-level logging of a trigger function, with workflow name and workflow ID as additional metadata properties

Logger.info(`Polling trigger initiated for workflow "${workflow.name}"`, {workflowName: workflow.name, workflowId: workflow.id});

// Verbose-level logging of hook function execution, with execution ID, workflow ID, and session ID as metadata properties

Logger.verbose(`Executing hook (workflowExecuteBefore, hookFunctionsPush)`, {executionId: this.executionId, workflowId: this.workflowData.id, sessionId: this.sessionId});

When creating new loggers, some useful standards to keep in mind are:

  • Craft log messages to be as easily human-readable as possible. For example, always wrap names in quotes.
  • Duplicating information in the log message and metadata, like workflow name in the above example, can be useful as messages are easier to search and metadata enables easier filtering.
  • Include multiple IDs (e.g. executionId, workflowId, and sessionId) throughout all logs.
  • Use node types instead of node names (or both) as this is more consistent, and so easier to search.

# Front-end logs

As of now, front-end logs are not available. Using Logger or LoggerProxy would yield errors in the editor-ui package. This functionality will get implemented in the future versions.